Green Economy Scenarios in the Mediterranean Region
Principal Investigator: Bruno Contini ( Collegio Carlo Alberto).
Co-Investigators: Riccardo Beltramo (Università di Torino)
Giangiacomo Bravo (Università di Torino e Collegio Carlo Alberto)
Silvana Dalmazzone (Università di Torino)
Dario Padovan (Università di Torino)
Enrica Vesce (Università di Torino)
Durata del progetto: 3 anni
Project duration: 3 years
The project studies the relationship between the socio-economic dynamics and environmental dynamics (CO2 emissions, climate, water availability) in Italy and in some areas of the Mediterranean basin.
The results provide an estimate CO2 footprint ( "carbon footprint") in Italy and, ultimately, in some Mediterranean countries.
The main focus of the project is the impact of consumption on CO2 emissions in existing technology. During the last year of work began the study on the use of water sources. The modeling strategy has prompted the choice from a range of methodological options, whose adaptability to the Italian case should be carefully evaluated.
The research was divided into several phases: analysis and comparative assessment of the environmental indicators and the existing models; application of input / output models to assess the direct and indirect effects of the environmental impact in the face of a range of possible environmental policies; "agent-based" patterns of consumers' behavior; econometric analysis of the employment impact of green technologies and incentives associated with them (or associated).
Environmental problems are a serious challenge and, at the same time, an important opportunity. Facing with serious local and global threats, environmental and economic costs of "proceed as if nothing had happened" are huge, in a number of fields such as climate change is just one of the most publicized but not the only one. On the one hand a more efficient and more sustainable balance between the needs of man and nature's ability to provide the corresponding environmental services requires complex changes in the economy (and, to a certain extent, in the social structure) of most countries. Furthermore, environmental challenges offer wide opportunities for creation of new economic sectors and new jobs.
During the three years of activity three work phases have been completed:
(A) a model of technological innovation diffusion that analyzes the influence of the production adjustment mechanisms of photovoltaic and wind power, with an application to the Italian situation;
(B) an employment impact assessment of renewable energy production by means of counterfactual analysis of a sample of producers of green technology. The study (reported in the article Dalmazzone Giaccaria S. S. (2011), "Scenarios and Perspectives of Green Economy" Eco, 8, 2011, pp. 47-53) suggests that this impact is positive but very modest;
(C) a review of the measures adopted in Italy and policies in Europe to encourage the adoption of renewable energy.
The final result of GERME is the first overall CO2 footprint and water estimate for Italy and some Mediterranean countries. Facing increasingly serious emerging environmental problems, the project results will allow you to make cost-benefit analysis of green policies at national and regional level.